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BIOS (basic input output system)

BIOS (basic input output system)

 


Definition

For IBM PC compatible computers, BIOS (an acronym for Basic Input/Output System and also known as the System BIOS, ROM BIOS or PC BIOS) is non-volatile firmware used to perform hardware initialization during the booting process (power-on startup), and to provide runtime services for operating systems and programs.
The BIOS firmware comes pre-installed on a personal computer's system board, and it is the first software run when powered on. The name originates from the Basic Input/Output System used in the CP/M operating system in 1975. Originally proprietary to the IBM PC, the BIOS has been reverse engineered by companies looking to create compatible systems. The interface of that original system serves as a de facto standard.

 


References

  1. Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BIOS
  2. Wikidata: BIOS (Q226264)

 

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Last update:
‎11.08.2017 08:14
Updated by:
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